Bots War 機器人江湖

今年二月份 PLOS 發表一篇文章 Even good bots fight: The case of Wikipedia,維基百科使用的撰稿機器人,彼此會拆臺,改對方的稿子,乍聽很有趣,但是細細想來,令人不寒而慄。就像論文摘要說的,機器人也自成江湖1了。

The online world has turned into an ecosystem of bots. However, our knowledge of how these automated agents are interacting with each other is rather poor.

 

照論文作者的說法,撰稿機器人沒有感情、沒有慾望,一心只有把自己份內工作做好的念頭,更別說結黨營私拉幫結派,在組織內搞派系。若是它們寫的稿子品質過關,那就是你好我好大家好啦。

Bots are predictable automatons that do not have the capacity for emotions, meaning-making, creativity, and sociality and it is hence natural to expect interactions between bots to be relatively predictable and uneventful.

但是事情沒這麼簡單,撰稿機器人會把別的撰稿機器人的稿子改掉,而且這是經年累月持續的鬥爭,並不是偶發事件。活脫脫就是人類江湖的世代恩怨故事的演繹。更可怕的是,作者還加了一句話「就像人類一樣,在不同文化環境下,機器人的行為也會跟著不同」,這根本就比科幻小說還科幻,比 Matrix 還 Matrix。

We find that, although Wikipedia bots are intended to support the encyclopedia, they often undo each other’s edits and these sterile “fights” may sometimes continue for years. Unlike humans on Wikipedia, bots’ interactions tend to occur over longer periods of time and to be more reciprocated. Yet, just like humans, bots in different cultural environments may behave differently.

在 AlphaGo 狂虐人類棋手的時候,聶衛平等棋界大佬就說,AlphaGo 用他自己的學習策略,找到合乎規則的走法,但 AlphaGo 的思路和之前人類下棋的思路是不一樣的。今天,網際網路裡的機器人(bots)也形成了屬於它們自己的江湖,雖然思路不同,追求的目的也不相同,但是廝殺與恩怨卻與人類如出一轍。所以,機器人的江湖,和人類的江湖是形似而神不似,自有一套屬於「非人」的「思路」。

前兩天,我說到李飛飛要提醒我們的事情不簡單,人工智慧究竟是一頭不擇食的猛獸,還是為人類福祉孜孜矻矻,「擡頭看路,低頭拉車」的老黃牛,我們一點都不明白。

古龍有句名言,「人在江湖,身不由己」,機器人進了江湖,又是怎樣呢?


  1. 老外沒聽過江湖,用的是 ecosystem 這個字 
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