經驗的定義

受過數學訓練的後遺症,就是凡事問定義,說不清楚就渾身不對勁。Yuval Noah Harari 在新書 Homo Deus 的第二部談到人類的知識與行為準則從神授轉變為人本,行為準則(ethical knowledge)有了一個新定義:Knowledge = Experience × Sensitivity

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看到這兒,不由自主掩卷停下,思考 Experience 和 Sensitivity 究竟要怎麼定義呢?

字典裡面,經驗同義字很多,究竟經驗是什麼,是「凡走過必留下痕跡」的「痕跡」嗎?這走過的路要怎麼描述?才是能被同理(intersubjectivity)的「知識」的一部分?是不是能重複體驗的事物才叫經驗?內心感受算不算「經驗」的一部分?我的感受又算是什麼呢?

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Experience 的同義字 by Dictionary.com

出乎意料,Yuval 下的定義很簡潔,他說經驗包含三要素: sensations , emotions & thoughts。厲害啊!

Rather, experience is a subjective phenomenon that includes three main ingredients: sensations, emotions and thoughts.

若是經驗能夠寫下來,那 sensitivity 怎麼表達呢?

字典裡面,sensitivity 的解釋非常直接了當,the quality or state of being sensitive,有點像是套套邏輯的味道。Yuval 在書中的解釋反倒像是所謂的操作型定義,但是總覺得少了一點東西,these sensations, emotions and thoughts to influence me 怎麼量化(量化?又是數學訓練的後遺症?)?

難道一切用 ask your innermost desire; follow your heart 來解釋就夠了嗎?

It means two things. Firstly, paying attention to my sensations, emotions and thoughts. Secondly, allowing these sensations, emotions and thoughts to influence me.

揚棄神的旨意和律法,一切你(人類)自己說了算,你怎麼想,事情就怎麼辦。這就是所謂的 humanism ?

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